1. Spain is officially called el Reino de España - the Kingdom of Spain. The motto of Spain (el lema de España) is in Latin - Plus Ultra - meaning 'further beyond.' The motto is visible on el escudo de España - the coat of arms of Spain.
Spain is divided into 17 regions known as las comunidades autónomas (autonomous communities). These regions are:
Andalucía, Aragón, Principado de Asturias, Islas Baleares, País Vasco, Canarias, Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y León, Cataluña, Extremadura, Galicia, Comunidad de Madrid, Región de Murcia, Comunidad Foral de Navarra, La Rioja, Comunidad Valenciana.
Two of the above regions are islands: Canarias and Islas Baleares.
2. The Spanish language is spoken in the following countries (in addition to Spain): Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea,
El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Spanish is also widely spoken in parts of: Andorra, Belize, Gibraltar, Morocco, the Philippines and the USA.
3. In Spain, the Spanish language is officially called Castilian (el castellano).
In addition to el castellano, there are some regional languages spoken in different areas of Spain, such as: Catalan (el catalán), Galician (el gallego), Basque (el vasco also known as el euskera),
Valencian (el valenciano).
4. The lands of Spain, Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra form a large territory known as the Iberian Peninsula - la Península Ibérica.
The national airline of Spain is called Iberia.
5. The Spanish flag is made up from three horizontal stripes coloured rojo, amarillo gualda, rojo.
The flag is called la bandera de España and also la Rojigualda.
The Spanish coat of arms is on the yellow stripe.
la bandera = the flag